Check out the program here:
The SUSTURBANFOODS project and the final results will be presented during this month in two outreach events:
22 May 2018 – 10h-13h, Scuderie Urban Food CooLab (Piazza Verdi, Bologna)
- SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT OF INNOVATIONS IN URBAN AGRICULTURE, Dr. Esther Sanyé-Mengual, as part of the Bologna study visit programme of the ERASMUS+ BUGI “Western Balkan Urban Agriculture” project
24 May 2018 – 14h-18h, Fondazione FICO (FICO EatItaly World, Bologna)
- FINAL CONFERENCE of the SUSTURBANFOODS project, “Integrated sustainability assessment of social and technological innovations towards urban food systems”, led by Prof. Giorgio Gianquinto and Dr. Esther Sanyé-Mengual, with the participation of Dr. Francesco Orsini, Dr. Daniela Gasperi and MSc. Giuseppina Pennisi (Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy) and Dr. Kathrin Specht (Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany)
- PHOTO EXHIBITION “BUILDING SUSTAINABLE URBAN FOOD SYSTEMS: from SustUrbanFoods to the Globe”, by Esther Sanyé-Mengual:
24 Maggio ore 14-18 – presso Fondazione FICO: Conferenza finale del progetto “SUSTURBANFOODS: Valutazione della sostenibilità delle innovazioni sociali e tecnologiche nei sistemi alimentari urbani, In collaborazione con il Centro Studi e Ricerche in Agricoltura Urbana e Biodiversità (ResCUE-AB), Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Agro-Alimentari, Università di Bologna. Include la mostra fotografica “La creazioni di sistemi urbani alimentari sostenibili: da SustUrbanFoods al mondo” di Esther Sanyé-Mengual.
Location: Bologna, Italy
Typology: Organic farm
Urban area: Peri-urban
Innovation type: Social innovation
Main functions: Organic food production – Direct marketing – Producer-Consumer relationship
HISTORY & CONTEXT
Floema produces seasonal and organic vegetables in an extension of 0.75ha and fruit in a extension of 2ha in Crespellano (Bologna, Italy). Created in 2016, the company is run by four young farmers and innovates in a just-harvested direct selling strategy through social media: WhatsApp and Facebook. The business weekly proposes a list of products, from which customers can order their basket (minimum of 15€) to be received the same day of harvest at their homes. Customers can employ WhatsApp and Facebook for this purpose, ordering the basket the day before delivery. Floema complements they offer of fresh produce with added-value options: flour and preserves, which are produced in collaboration with local companies.
Crops: 60 crops and varieties
Techniques: Organic open-air production
Irrigation: Drip irrigation
Use of renewable resources: Manual harvesting – Organic fertilizer (manure)
Sustainable practices: Pesticides-free (Integrated pest management with beneficial insects) – Local production – Local varieties – Seasonal production – Minimization of packaging use – Use of organic fertilizer from local farms
Other products: Preserves, flour
Location: Paris, France
Typology: Rooftop garden
Urban area: Inner city – Rooftop
Innovation type: Technological innovation
Main functions: Experimental research – Education and training – Resource-efficient food production
Users: Researchers – Companies – Students – Citizens
HISTORY & CONTEXT
The rooftop garden of AgroParisTech (French Technical University of Agronomy) started in 2012 with the experiment T4P (Toits Parisiens Productifs, a pilot project of Parisian Productive Rooftops). The project aimed at conceiving and evaluating cultural systems based only on urban waste as the substrate. In the project, the reseatch team looked at (i) food production potential, (ii) food pollution), (iii) expected ecosystem services and (iv) Technosol evolution. The garden design is based on cultivation boxes, which are made of wooden containers classically used as backyard composters. Such design was chosen for experimental advantages (better control of conditions, easier measurements) and for providing a modular and flexible design for its implementation in other rooftops. Furthermore, the wooden boxes were cheap and easy to build, enhancing its potential diffusion to other gardens in Paris.
Crops: Lettuce – Cherry tomatoes – Green manures – Tomatoes – Carrots – Onions – Cabbage – Beans – Spinach – Basil – Zucchini – Radish – Màche (lamb’s lettuce) – Mesclun (salad mix) – Garlic
Techniques: Organic substrate production
Irrigation: Automatic irrigation with tap water
Use of renewable resources: Use of urban wastes as substrate (green waste compost, coffee grounds, smashed bricks) – Rainwater use
Sustainable practices: Organic production – Use of pollinators – Pesticides-free production – Runoff water management – Crop association practices – Green manuring
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3IRNZEK5Lvo&t=7s (French)
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zNvg5i9SpKg (French)
- http://www2.agroparistech.fr/T4P-un-Projet-de-recherche-innovant-pour-des-Toits-Parisiens-Productifs.html (French)
- Grard, B. (2017). Des Technosols construits à partir de produits résiduaires urbains: services écosystémiques fournis et évolution(Doctoral dissertation, Université Paris-Saclay).
- Grard, B. J. P., Bel, N., Marchal, N., Madre, F., Castell, J. F., Cambier, P., … & Chenu, C. (2015). Recycling urban waste as possible use for rooftop vegetable garden. Future of Food: Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society, 3(1), 21-34.
- Grard, B. J. P., Chenu, C., Manouchehri, N., Houot, S., Frascaria-Lacoste, N., & Aubry, C. (2018). Rooftop farming on urban waste provides many ecosystem services. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 38(1), 2.
- Joimel, S., Grard, B., Auclerc, A., Hedde, M., Le Doaré, N., Salmon, S., & Chenu, C. (2018). Are Collembola “flying” onto green roofs?. Ecological Engineering, 111, 117-124.
- Dorr, E., Sanyé-Mengual, E., Gabrielle, B., Grard, B. J., & Aubry, C. (2017). Proper selection of substrates and crops enhances the sustainability of Paris rooftop garden. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 37(5), 51.
The Notte Europea dei Ricercatori includes multiple locations with activities and outreach events as a bridge between society and research. Check out the complete program in Bolonga here.
We will be at Palazzo d’Accursio, in the city council building, presenting the laboratory UPCYCLING PER L’ORTO, where common household wastes are transformed into microgardens for allowing the self-production of vegetables in cities.
The LAB aims to:
- Show to the citizens the horticultural techniques that can be employed in DIY-microgardening
- Generate awareness on the generation of household wastes and the potential second uses
- Talk with the society about urban gardening and urban food, in particular by addressing hot debates (e.g., food safety) with scientific data
- Display images of on-going urban agriculture projects and their sigificance for sustainability
The video of the preparation for the LAB is already availble in this VIMEO link.
See you on Friday evening!
If you’re working on evaluating the sustainability of urban agriculture by advancing in new methodological approaches or assessing specific case studies, check out the information on the new special issue of the Sustainability journal:
Guest Editor :Dr. Esther Sanyé-Mengual
Website | E-Mail
Interests: sustainability assessment; interdisciplinarity; urban food systems; participatory research design; industrial ecology; life cycle assessment; ecosystem services; geographic information systems; qualitative research; geographic information system; environmental justice
Special Issue Information
This Special Issue calls for papers that contribute to the assessment of the sustainability of urban agriculture, both by advancing methodological approaches and by providing results from case studies. Cities have been identified as an essential element in addressing global concerns, particularly due to the growing population, and food flow is key in the urban metabolism and in the design of future sustainable cities. Resulting from the environmental awareness of the globalized food system and urban social and economic gaps, urban agriculture has grown in recent years aiming at increasing food security while coping with climate change. Urban agriculture ranges from socially-oriented initiatives, which address social gaps (e.g., social inclusion, food deserts) employing low-tech techniques and educational programs, to high-tech for-profit farms, which focus on maximizing yields (e.g., rooftop greenhouse, aquaponics). The sustainability profile of such diverse forms of urban agriculture might consistently vary and contribute differently to the three dimensions of sustainability: Environment, society, and economy. To date, the environmental benefits of urban agriculture as a local production system, the ecosystem services of urban gardens (both environmental and socio-cultural services) or contribution to food security have been evaluated in specific case studies. However, studies covering sustainability assessments of social and economic aspects are limited, as are integrated methods for assessing urban agriculture.
This Special Issue aims at covering this gap by considering papers that evaluate the sustainability of urban agriculture, proposing new methodological approaches, and assessing new case studies that provide new data on the diverse nature of urban agriculture. New methods and data are essential to support decision- and policy-making for the design of sustainable cities. The consideration of the three dimensions of sustainability, integrated analyses, and quantitative approaches are of particular interest.
Dr. Esther Sanyé-Mengual
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed Open Access monthly journal published by MDPI.
- environmental sustainability
- social sustainability
- economic sustainability
- urban gardening
- rooftop agriculture
- life cycle assessment
- ecosystem services
- sustainable development goals
- multicriteria analysis
- social metabolism